Merhaba Misafir

Comparison of two types of polyvalent snake antivenom used in treatment

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Purpose: In this study; we aimed to compare the effectiveness of the two types of polyvalent snake antivenom and to determine the possible local and systemic reactions in patients who admitted to the emergency department with snake bite. Materials and Methods: We performed this retrospective study on 30 patients who complained of snakebite. We grouped the patients according to the antivenom type (PoliseraTM or Polivalan TM) which they received. Demographic characteristics of the patients, vital signs, local tissue findings, and laboratory parameters were recorded in the standard data form. The following data were also recorded; the number of vials of snake antivenom used in each group, additional doses of venom were administered, and whether any local or systemic reaction to antivenom has developed or not. Results: Thirty patients were included in the study. 16 patients were administered PoliseraTM (Group 1) snake antivenom and 14 patients were administered Polivalan TM (Group 2) snake antivenom. Patients in Group 1 were given an average of 9.1±7.3 vials, while patients in Group 2 were given an average of 11.6±12.7 vials. More allergic reactions-urticaria, fever, and cellulite were observed in the group receiving PolivalanTM antivenom. Conclusion: Different methodologies arising from the production of antivenom, pyrogen contamination, and differences in packaging can cause different effects and side effects even in products with the same dose and antivenom content.

Yayınlandığı Kaynak : Cukurova Medical Journal
  • Yıl : 2020
  • DOI : 10.17826/cumj.737922
  • Cilt : 45
  • ISSN : 2602-3032
  • Sayı : 3
  • eISSN : 2602-3040
  • Sayfa Aralığı : 1230-1237
  • IO Kayıt No : 118477
  • Yayıncı : Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi