Merhaba Misafir

Value of enhanced or non-enhanced computed tomography in the detection of rare causes of bowel obstruction


Purpose: This study aims to reveal the uncommon causes of intestinal obstructions and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of enhanced or non-enhanced computed tomography. Materials and Methods: This cohort was a retrospective study of different patients diagnosed with acute mechanical intestinal obstruction in the emergency room or hospital between 15 January 2009 and 15 June 2018. Exclusion criteria were common causes of mechanical bowel obstruction and inclusion criteria were uncommon causes of bowel obstruction. Non-enhanced or enhanced computed tomography were used to diagnose mechanical bowel obstruction. Results: The population included 46 females and 41 males and the age range from 20 to 81. Of the patients with uncommon mechanical obstruction, 58 (66.7 %) were caused by the small intestine, and 29 (33.3%) by the large intestine. When compared to uncommon causes of the small and large bowel with age, body mass index, and use of contrast or not, no significant difference was detected between them. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and diagnostic accuracy of enhanced computed tomography were %93.9, %93.3, %96.9, %87.5, %94 and non-enhanced computed tomography were %96.0, %85.7, %92.3, %92.3, %92.3 respectively. Conclusion: Non-enhanced computed tomography has similar diagnostic accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity compared to enhanced computed tomography for identifying the location, severity, and etiology of bowel obstruction.

Yayınlandığı Kaynak : Cukurova Medical Journal
  • Yıl : 2020
  • DOI : 10.17826/cumj.711411
  • Cilt : 45
  • ISSN : 2602-3032
  • Sayı : 3
  • eISSN : 2602-3040
  • Sayfa Aralığı : 1157-1164
  • IO Kayıt No : 118468
  • Yayıncı : Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi