Merhaba Misafir

Epidemiological profile of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases: 4 year-experience

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Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the demographic features, organ and tissue distribution, diagnostic methods and treatment outcomes of extrapulmonary tuberculosis cases who were registered to the Adana Tuberculosis Dispensary. Materials and Methods: 400 cases, who were diagnosed with extrapulmonary tuberculosis, treated and followed up between 2014 and 2017, were examined and analyzed retrospectively. Their demographic characteristics, drug susceptibility tests, follow‑ups and treatment outcomes were reviewed. Individual data for extrapulmoary tuberculosis cases were collected from tuberculosis registers, tuberculosis medical personal files and treatment cards. Results: In total, 400 cases of extrapulmoary tuberculosis were recorded. Patients were within the range of 0 to 87 years old (mean age: 41.19±19.97 years), and 245 of them (61.2%) were female. Tuberculosis most frequently affected lymph nodes (38.8%), followed by pleura (17.8%) and gastrointestinal tract (9.0%). None of the cases had multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Treatment completion rates were high and reached 95.8%. Conclusion: The present findings provide information about the epidemiology of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in Adana during the 4-year period. The occurrence of cases at the most productive age is important to show the degree of economic loss in Turkey. Tuberculosis is a contagious illness that mainly affects the lymph nodes rather than the lungs. Investigations into epidemiological and clinical characteristics of extrapulmonary tuberculosis in large number of cases might be crucial to early diagnosis and therapy in endemic countries such as Turkey.

Yayınlandığı Kaynak : Cukurova Medical Journal
  • Yıl : 2020
  • DOI : 10.17826/cumj.737325
  • Cilt : 45
  • ISSN : 2602-3032
  • Sayı : 3
  • eISSN : 2602-3040
  • Sayfa Aralığı : 1033-1041
  • IO Kayıt No : 118455
  • Yayıncı : Çukurova Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi