Merhaba Misafir

Reproduction of social inequality in education by transferring cultural capital

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The primary goal of this research is to explore how social inequality resulting from cultural capital and habitus substantially inherited from family in education among individuals is reproduced and to test Bourdieu’s theory of cultural capital-reproduction. Convergent parallel design of mixed methods was used in the research. The survey was conducted among the students of the secondary education institutions in Beşiktaş and Sultanbeyli districts in İstanbul in 2017-2018 academic years. The sample was determined to use the target method based on Exam for Transition from Primary to Secondary Education (TEOG) score. The main criterion was the TEOG scores graded as low-moderate-high in Beşiktaş and Sultanbeyli. Accordingly, quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 1044 students of 18 different schools in both districts. Multiple Correspondence Analysis was used for data analysis. According to results of the research there is an important difference between the students with the TEOG scores of 480 and above and the students with lower TEOG scores in Beşiktaş due to cultural capital. Parents of students with higher academic achievement were found to have high levels of cultural capital and convert this capital into their children’s academic achievement. On the other hand, both students with lower academic achievement and their parents were observed to have lower cultural capital. Implications for Research and Practice: Parents that have high levels of cultural and economic capital produce various strategies in a critical conscious state to increase their children’s academic achievement, to protect their environment and to help them achieve upper statuses in the society. The source of these strategies is the cultural capital of parents.

Yayınlandığı Kaynak : MANAS Journal of Social Studies
  • Yıl : 2020
  • Cilt : 9
  • Sayı : 2
  • eISSN : 1624-7215
  • Sayfa Aralığı : 778-797
  • IO Kayıt No : 111265
  • Yayıncı : Kırgızistan Türkiye Manas Üniversitesi