Merhaba Misafir

Multiplexity in civilization studies: Insights from Ibn Khaldun and Said Halim Pasha

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The study of civilization has always been approached from various perspectives. A closer appraisal of some of these pursuits reveals at least three major trends, especially in the contexts of Islamic and Western civilizations. The first trend employs more of a “historic-empirical” approach; the second emphasizes a “religiophilosophical” approach; and finally, the last trend adopts more of a “multiplex” approach to the study of civilizations. Whilst the first two trends are equally applicable in the study of Islamic and Western civilizations, the “Multiplex” trend is arguably more pronounced in the study of Islamic civilization. The paper argues that “Multiplexity”, subsuming multiplicity and complexity both in terms of content and methodological foundations, is best represented by the works of Ibn Khaldun and Said Halim Pasha. This approach to civilization studies, among other things, challenges reductionism both on methodological as well as epistemological grounds. Compared to the other two, it gives due attention to multiple factors, such as economic, political, cultural, religious, historical, philosophical, and physical factors, and the interlocking intricacies among them to account for the phenomenon of civilization. Therefore, it can present us with an alternative and more holistic approach to civilization studies through transcending the impasse posed by historical, economic, physical, racial, religious, and other determinisms and reductionisms.

Yayınlandığı Kaynak : İbn Haldun Çalışmaları Dergisi
  • Yıl : 2018
  • Cilt : 3
  • ISSN : 2651-379X
  • Sayı : 2
  • Sayfa Aralığı : 203-224
  • IO Kayıt No : 100060
  • Yayıncı : İbn Haldun Üniversitesi